By Stacey Paulson
Engagement seems to be a buzz word lately. It’s being elevated in professional learning, through different on-line platforms, studied in teams and yet this isn’t a new concept we’ve paid attention to. Many of you might be familiar with the research from Fredricks, Blumenfeld, & Paris (2004) about the 3 dimensions of engagement: behavioral, cognitive and emotional. Behavioral engagement is observable academic behaviors or actions. Learners sit in desks, listen, keep their cameras on, and turn assignments in on time. Cognitive engagement refers to the psychological effort learners put forth. For example, planning, setting goals and monitoring progress. And the third dimension is emotional engagement. This is when learners have a sense of belonging. They engage in discussions and seek help when needed. (Distance Learning Playbook, p. 102) In this blog: What Does Student Engagement Look Like the author connects to the 3 dimensions and uplifts 5 engagement opportunities for you to explore in your classroom practice. What might engagement look like at the beginning of class, during instruction, in groups, during independent work time and at the end of class?
While the 3 dimensions are interrelated and provide us ways to think, reflect and plan with engagement in mind, the Distance Learning Playbook (p.104) also provides a Continuum of Engagement based on Amy Berry’s research (2020).
This continuum presents engagement through the perspective of passive to active. Where engagement and disengagement each have varying degrees of being active and passive. The continuum moves from disrupting to driving, which to me, is a very different way to think about the overarching concept of engagement. This leaves me wondering about my lessons and the strategies I implement. So, I’m asking myself:
I think I’ll start with 3 different people in mind. I’m going to also consider my relationship with each of them, implications for my teaching, the feedback I provide as well as the scaffolds they may need. Want to get started with me? Who might you choose to focus your reflection?
Curriculum & Instruction